One God, One
The Bible picture of God. The loving Father. The obedient Son. One in Spirit.
|John 14:26||The Comforter is the Holy Spirit|
|John 14:16||Jesus said He would send Another Comforter|
Comforter" in Greek is allos parakletos (para=beside,
kletos=one who comes)
That is, "one who comes to stand beside" Advocate, Intercessor, Helper, Standby
|1Jn 2:1||we have an advocate (parakletos) with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous|
|Dan 12:1||Michael shall stand up, who stands for thy people. Jesus is Michael the archangel|
"All the communion between heaven and the fallen race has been through Christ. It was the Son of God that gave to our first parents the promise of redemption. It was He who revealed Himself to the patriarchs." The Faith I Live By p. 47
"The life of Christ that gives life to the world is in His word. It was by His word that Jesus healed disease and cast out demons; by His word He stilled the sea, and raised the dead; and the people bore witness that His word was with power. He spoke the word of God, as He had spoken through all the prophets and teachers of the Old Testament. The whole Bible is a manifestation of Christ, and the Saviour desired to fix the faith of His followers on the word. When His visible presence should be withdrawn, the word must be their source of power. Like their Master, they were to live "by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God." Matthew 4:4." Desire of Ages p. 390
of the same kind, quantitative) vs heteros (of a different kind,
John 14:17__You know him for he is with you and will be in you
Jesus the parakletos
of flesh is with them; in His human form
another parakletos of spirit will be in them in His spirit form, "more of the same"
|1Sam 10:6||the Spirit of the LORD will come upon you [Saul]…and thou shalt be turned into another man|
|1Sam 10:9||And it was so…God gave him another heart (not a second heart, but an enhanced one)|
|1Cor 15:52||In a moment…incorruptible, and we shall be changed (allasso to make different)|
We will still be ourselves
only in a different form with the same character, memories, mind.
Paul begins his second
letter to the Corinthians by introducing the two Great Comforters.
God the Father is the God of all comfort. And our comfort abounds by the Son.
This comfort we share with others.
|2Cor 1:2-7||Grace be
to you and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, (so far just two Persons)
the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort (paraklesis);
Who comforts (parakaleo) us in all our tribulation,
that we may be able to comfort (parakaleo) them which are in any trouble,
by the comfort (paraklesis) wherewith we ourselves are comforted (parakaleo) of God.
For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us,
And whether we be afflicted, it is for your consolation (paraklesis) and salvation,
which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer:
or whether we be comforted (parakaleo), it is for your consolation (paraklesis) and salvation.
And our hope of you is stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings,
so shall ye be also of the consolation (paraklesis).
Jesus is the true Noah
Gen 5:29__ And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us
Our Comforter shared the same temptations, the same sufferings that we experience in His human body
Heb 2:17,18__in all things…made like unto his brethren, that He might be…able to help them
Jesus didn't partake of the human experience just to send somebody else, He is our Helper
Speaks of Himself as He
Jesus frequently spoke of Himself (not someone else) as He and Him rather than I and Me
|John 3:13-19||No man
ascended up to heaven, but He that came down from heaven, even the Son of
He that believes on Him shall not perish, he that believes on Him is not condemned.
He could have said, "I came down from heaven" and, in fact, He did in John 8.
|John 4:10||If you
knew...who it is that says to you, Give me to drink, you would have asked
and he would have given you living water.
|John 5:19||Jesus said, "The Son can do nothing of Himself; but what He sees the Father do"|
|John 9:38||You have both seen Him and it is He that talks with you.|
Use of the third person does not mean that Jesus was referring to someone else.
John 14:17__You know him [the Spirit of truth]; for he dwells with you.
Jesus is already known and with them now, but He will be in them in the future.
|John 14:25||These things I have spoken unto you being yet present with you|
|John 14:17||the Spirit of truth…he dwells with you and shall be in you.|
|John 14:20||In that day you shall know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.|
|John 14:18||I will not leave you comfortless [orphans]: I will come to you|
|Rev 3:20||I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.|
|Acts 16:7||the Spirit of Jesus would not allow Paul to enter Bathynia. He came to Paul|
|John 16:7||It is expedient
for you that I go away (for 3 days in death or to heaven?)
If I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you
|John 7:39||the Holy Spirit was not yet [given], because that Jesus was not yet glorified.|
"Cumbered with humanity, Christ could not be in every place personally; therefore it was altogether for their advantage that He [Christ] should leave them, go to His [Christ's] Father, and send the Holy Spirit to be His [Christ's] successor on earth. The Holy Spirit is Himself [Christ] divested of the personality of humanity and independent thereof. He [Christ] would represent Himself [Christ] as present in all places by His [Christ's] Holy Spirit, as the Omnipresent." Manuscript Releases, v14, p. 23.
"The Holy Spirit
is Himself divested of the personality of humanity."
Divest means to remove or withdraw, the opposite of invest.
Since the Spirit never had a human personality to divest, the "Himself" in this passage must refer to Christ who could divest His human personality in sending His Spirit, the Spirit of Christ. "He" and "His" in the last sentence of the quotation above must refer to the same antecedent: Christ.
|Father and Jesus Manifest Themselves|
|John 14:21||I will manifest myself to him (who keeps my commandments)|
|Acts 3:19-21||times of refreshing come from the presence of the Lord|
|John 14:22||Judas asks 'How will you manifest yourself to us?'|
|John 14:23||Jesus says, "My Father and I will come…and make our abode with him"|
|1Jn 1:3||our fellowship is with the Father, and with His Son Jesus Christ|
|2Jn 1:9||He that abides in the doctrine of Christ, has both the Father and the Son|
|2Cor 11:2||we are espoused to one husband, presented as a chaste virgin to Christ|
|Eph 5:27||Jesus presents to Himself a glorious church|
not to a surrogate
husband but to Himself.
If we are dealing with two persons (Spirit and Jesus) it's polygamy.
As Laban substituted Leah for Rachael, "another" would be substituted for Christ
|Eph 5:31,32||joined unto His wife, they two shall be one... a great mystery, Christ and the church|
|Rom 8:9||We are not in the flesh but in the Spirit if the Spirit of God dwells in us|
|Rom 7:4||that we
might be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead
that we should bring forth fruit unto God [a marriage produces offspring]
|Phil 1:11||Being filled with the fruits of righteousness which are by Jesus Christ|
|Gal 5:22||the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace…. Eph 5:9 goodness, righteousness, and truth|
|John 15:4||Christ is the vine (our husband), we are the branches, we bear fruit when we abide "in Him"|
|The Spirit in You|
|Rom 8:9||the Spirit of God…the Spirit of Christ… dwells in you|
|Rom 8:11||the Spirit of him [God the Father] (that raised up Jesus from the dead) dwells in you|
|1Cor 3:16||The Spirit of God dwells in you (the temple of God)|
|Eph 2:22||We are built for a habitation of God through the Spirit|
|John 14:17||the Spirit of truth…dwells with you and shall be in you|
|2Tim 1:14||the Holy Spirit which dwells in us|
|Eze 37:13||I the LORD…shall put my Spirit in you, and you shall live|
|1Jn 3:24||He abides in us by the Spirit which He has given us|
|Gal 2:20||I live, yet not I, but Christ liveth in me|
|John 11:33||Jesus groaned in the spirit and was troubled|
|vs 38||Jesus therefore again groaning in himself [The Spirit of Jesus is Himself]|
"The Holy Spirit is the breath of spiritual life in the soul. The impartation of the Spirit is the impartation of the life of Christ. It imbues the receiver with the attributes of Christ… The Holy Spirit will enter the heart that can boast of nothing. The love of Jesus will fill the vacuum that is made by the emptying out of self. Those who see Christ in His true character, and receive Him into the heart, have everlasting life. It is through the Spirit that Christ dwells in us; and the Spirit of God, received into the heart by faith, is the beginning of the life eternal." The Faith I Live By p. 57
of God is the Spirit of Christ and dwells in us, because we are the temple
The LORD puts His Spirit in us; He abides in us by the Spirit which He has given us.
The Holy Spirit is the life of Christ, the attributes of Christ.
The Holy Spirit enters our heart and the love of Jesus fills us. Christ lives in us.
Through the Spirit Christ dwells in us as the Spirit of God is received into the heart.
|In our hearts|
|Dan 4:9||The spirit of the holy gods was in Daniel|
|Gal 4:6||God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts|
|Rom 5:5||the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Spirit which is given unto us|
|Eph 4:4-6||There is
one body, and one spirit...one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God
and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.
God, the Father of all,
is above all;
as Jesus Christ the mediator He is through all; (no one comes to the Father but by Jesus)
and as His Spirit He dwell in us all.
Rom 11:36 expresses
the same thought: "For
of Him, and through Him, and to Him, are all things"
All things, all blessings come from God, through Jesus;
and all praise and worship return, through Jesus to God.
This includes His Spirit.
"The Comforter is called "the Spirit of truth." His work is to define and maintain the truth. He first dwells in the heart as the Spirit of truth, and thus He becomes the Comforter. There is comfort and peace in the truth" Desire of Ages p. 671
"When Christ is in the heart, He is brought into the family. The father and mother feel the importance of living in obedience to the Holy Spirit so that the heavenly angels, who minister to those who shall be heirs of salvation, will minister to them" Adventist Home p. 327
"you have a Comforter, the Holy Spirit, which Christ has appointed. You are never alone. If you will listen to the voice that now speaks to you, if you will respond without delay to the knocking at the door of your heart, 'Come in, Lord Jesus, that I may sup with Thee, and Thee with me,' the heavenly Guest will enter." Adventist Home p. 350
"Henceforth through the Spirit, Christ was to abide continually in the hearts of His children. Their union with Him was closer than when He was personally with them." Steps to Christ p. 75.
"Paul realized that his sufficiency was not in himself, but in the presence of the Holy Spirit, whose gracious influence filled his heart, bringing every thought into subjection to Christ." AA p. 251
"It is the Spirit of God that quickens the lifeless faculties of the soul to appreciate heavenly things, and attracts the affections toward God and the truth. Without the presence of Jesus in the heart, religious service is only dead, cold formalism. The longing desire for communion with God soon ceases when the Spirit of God is grieved from us; but when Christ is within us the hope of glory, we are constantly directed to think and act in reference to the glory of God." Review & Herald 1888, No. 16
"...the Holy Spirit is the comforter, as the personal presence of Christ to the soul." Review & Herald, Nov 39, 1892, Vol. 2 p. 617, col. 3.
"But no distance, no circumstances can separate us from 'the Comforter.' Wherever we are, wherever we may go, He is there, always a Presence, a Person connected with heaven, One given us in Christ's place, to act in His stead." Manuscript Releases Vol. 2 p. 32 (Letter 89b, 3-22-1987).
"The Holy Spirit is the vital presence of God, and if appreciated will call forth praise and thanksgiving, and will ever be springing up unto everlasting life." YRP 284
|Acts 17:29||as we are
the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the God head is like unto
or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device.
the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent
The Holy Spirit is sometimes referred to as "he" in Scripture because the Spirit of God is not just a "Force" but the actual, personal presence of both the Father and the Son.
2Cor 3:17__Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
God the Father and Jesus
Christ His Son are with us. They promise to never leave us.
But they dwell in us in an invisible, intangible yet very real and personal spiritual form.
Because the presence of God is holy, His Spirit is holy. It is the Holy Spirit.
"Christ gives them the life of his life. The Holy Spirit puts forth its highest energies to work in mind and heart." EG White, Review and Herald, January 5, 1911 par. 6.
"Christ gives them the breath of His own spirit, the life of His own life. The Holy Spirit puts forth its highest energies to work in heart and mind." EG White, The Desire of Ages, p. 827.
"The impartation of the Spirit is the impartation of the life of Christ." EG White, The Desire of Ages, p. 805.
This explanation of the
Godhead fits all the facts.
God has a Son. God has a Spirit. Both proceed from Him.
|John 8:42||The Son proceeded forth from God the Father.|
|John 15:26||The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father Both are sent by Him.|
|John 17:3||The only true God has sent Jesus Christ (1Jn 4:10, John 3:17, John 8:42, Mark 12:6, etc, etc)|
|John 14:26||The Father sends the Holy Spirit (1Thes 4:8, Rev 5:7, Titus 3:6, Gal 4:6, etc, etc)|
"The Holy Spirit, as His representative, and the heavenly angels, as ministering spirits, are sent forth to aid those who against great odds are fighting the good fight of faith. Ever remember that Jesus is your helper. No one understands as well as He your peculiarities of character." Amazing Grace Chapter 188
The Son is a separate being
from the Father because He has a human nature.
But the Holy Spirit is an extension of the Father.
It is His Spirit by which He is present everywhere.
Ps 139:7__Where can I go from Thy Spirit? Where can I flee from Thy presence?
The Father dwells in
His Son by His Spirit. Thus, they are one.
The Son dwells in us by the same Spirit. Thus, we are one with God, as they are one.
|John 17:21||That they
all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee,
that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.
|vs 22||And the
glory which thou gavest me I have given them;
that they may be one, even as we are one:
|vs 23||I in them,
and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one;
and that the world may know that thou hast sent me,
and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.
Notice "glory" is given to also achieve "oneness". God's glory is His Spirit.
Rev 18:1__Another angel comes down with great power and the earth is lightened with his glory.
We understand this to mean the outpouring of the Latter Rain, the Holy Spirit.
But what about the text that says "these three are one" ?
|1John 5:7||There are
three that bear record in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit:
and these three are one.
Many read this
to say "these three are one God."
But the oneness is concerning the record.
Look at the context of the surrounding verses.
|vs 8||And there
are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the
and these three agree in one.
They are in one agreement. They have a unified witness. And what is the witness?
|vs 5||Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believes that Jesus is the Son of God?|
|vs 9||If we receive
the witness of men, the witness of God is greater:
for this is the witness of God which he has testified of his Son.
|vs 10||He that
believes on the Son of God has the witness in himself:
he that believeth not God hath made him a liar;
because he believes not the record that God gave of his Son.
The witness of
God, the record, the testimony is that Jesus is the Son of God.
The Father Himself made
At the baptism…
Matt 3:17__And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
the mount of transfiguration…
Matt 17:5__a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
The Son of God testified:
John 10:36__I said, I am the Son of God
|The Spirit of God also testified|
|Through the Apostles (John 15:26; 1 John 5:10)...|
|Acts 5:32||And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God has given|
|Acts 8:37||And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.|
|Acts 9:20||And straightway he [Paul] preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.|
|And at Christ's baptism....|
|Matt 3:16,17||The Spirit
of God like a dove, a voice from heaven, "This is My beloved Son"
(also in Mark 1:10,11; Luke 3:22; John 1:32)
All four gospels
record this event. All four list the Son, the voice of God, and the Spirit of
There were three manifestations representing two Persons.
"Never before had angels listened to such a prayer as Christ offered at his baptism, and they were solicitous to be the bearers of the message from the Father to his Son. But, no! direct from the Father issues the light of his glory. The heavens were opened, and beams of glory rested upon the Son of God and assumed the form of a dove, in appearance like burnished gold. The dove-like form was emblematical of the meekness and gentleness of Christ. While the people stood spell-bound with amazement, their eyes fastened upon Christ, from the opening heavens came these words: 'This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.'" Review & Herald Jan 21, 1873
But there are also serious
questions as to whether 1John 5:7 was actually written by John.
This text is called the Comma Johanneum and is only found in early Latin texts
and is not in Greek manuscripts until after the 15th century.
"I saw that God had especially guarded the Bible; yet when copies of it were few, learned men had in some instances changed the words, thinking that they were making it more plain, when in reality they were mystifying that which was plain, by causing it to lean to their established views which were governed by tradition. But I saw that the Word of God, as a whole, is a perfect chain, one portion linking into and explaining another." Early Writings pp. 220, 221
The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary agrees:
"The passage as given in the KJV is in no Greek MS earlier than the 15th and the 16th centuries. The disputed words found their way into the KJV by way of the Greek text of Erasmus (see Vol. V, p. 141). It is said that Erasmus offered to include the disputed words in his Greek Testament if he were shown even one Greek MS that contained them. A library in Dublin produced such a MS (known as 34), and Erasmus included the passage in his text. It is now believed that the later editions of the Vulgate acquired the passage by the mistake of a scribe who included an exegetical marginal comment in the Bible text that he was copying. The disputed words have been widely used in support of the doctrine of the Trinity, but, in view of such overwhelming evidence against their authenticity, their support is valueless and should not be used. In spite of their appearance in the Vulgate A Catholic Commentary on Holy Scripture freely admits regarding these words: "It is now generally held that this passage, called the Comma Johanneum, is a gloss that crept into the text of the Old Latin and Vulgate at an early date, but found its way into the Greek text only in the 15th and 16th centuries" (Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1951, p. 1186) The SDA Bible Commentary, comments on 1 John 5: 7
Earlier Greek manuscripts have the following:
6 houtos estin ho elthon ...di hudatos kai haimatos, Iesous Xristos ouk en to hudatu monon,
....this ....is ...the coming thru ..water .and ..blood, .....Jesus ..Christ ..not .by the water ..only,
all en ..to hudati kai en to haimati kai to pneuma eston to marturoun,
but by the water and by the blood and the wind .....is ..the witness
hoti ......to pneuma esto he aletheia. [hudatos (hydro), haimatos (heme)]
because the wind ....is ..the truth
7 hoti ....treis ...eistun ...hoi ....marturountes
Because three they-are the-ones witnessing
8 to pneuma kai to hudor kai ..to haima, kai hoi treis eis to .hen eistin.
..the wind ...and the water and the blood and the three in the one they-are
No mention of the Father,
the Word, or the Holy Spirit.
The subject is Jesus Christ coming through water and blood and wind (breath, spirit).
These are said to be three witnesses that are united, not conflicting in their testimony.
of the Water
How did Jesus coming through water to witness that He was the Son of God?
|John 7:37,38||If any
man thirst, let him come to me and drink;
He that believes in me, rivers of living water shall flow from him
|John 7:39||He spoke of the Spirit which the believers would receive|
Jesus dispenses the living water of His Spirit.
water, which if you drink you will never thirst
I will give it and it shall be in you a well of water springing up into everlasting life
He comes as the Latter Rain.
|Ps 72:1-17||Give the
king Your judgments, O God, and Your righteousness to the king's Son
He shall come down like rain upon the grass, like showers that water the earth
|Joel 2:23||He will cause to come down... the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain|
And He changed water into wine as a demonstration of His creative power.
of the Blood
How did Jesus coming through the blood to witness that He was the only Son of God?
|1Pet 1:19||We are redeemed with the precious blood of Christ|
|Matt 26:28||This is my blood of the new testament which is shed for many for the remission of sins.|
|Exod 12:13||And when I see the blood, I will pass over you.|
|Zech 12:10||And they shall look upon me whom they have pierced and mourn as for an only firstborn son|
|John 19:34||when the soldier pierced his side with a spear, out came blood and water|
of the Wind
How did Jesus coming through the wind to witness that He was the Son of God?
|John 3:8||Jesus said to Nicodemus, The wind blows where it blows and you cannot see it. So it is with the Spirit.|
|Acts 2:2||On the day of Pentecost the sound of a rushing mighty wind filled all the house|
|Ps 147:18||He sends out His word, causes His wind to blow, and the waters flow|
|John 20:22||Jesus is the living Word. He breathed on His disciples and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit"|
|Ps 33:6||By His word were the heavens made and all the host by the breath of His mouth|
The water and the
blood and the wind all testify that Jesus was the Christ, the Son of God.
He is the Water of Life, and the Lamb of God slain from the foundation of the world.
And He is the breath of life, breathing new life into our souls which are dead in sin.
|The Spirit and Christ Intercede|
|Rom 8:26||the Spirit itself makes intercession for us with groanings that cannot be uttered|
|Heb 5:7||[Christ] offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears|
|Rom 8:27||the Spirit makes intercession for the saints|
|Rom 8:34||Christ…also makes intercession for us|
|Isa 53:12||Jesus "bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors"|
|Heb 7:25||As our High Priest, Jesus "ever lives to make intercession" for us|
|2Cor 3:17||The Lord is that Spirit: where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.|
|1Tim 2:5||one God, and one mediator [intercessor] between God and men, the man Christ Jesus|
As Michael, the
Archangel, He was first mediator between God and angels.
As Christ He is our mediator.
|Heb 12:24||Jesus the mediator of the new covenant|
|1John 2:1||We have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous|
|Heb 3:1||Consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus|
|Heb 4:14||We have a great high priest that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God|
"No middle-man comes between the sinner and Christ." Signs of the Times, June 28, 1899
"We have only one channel of approach to God. Our prays can come to him through one name only,--that of the Lord Jesus our advocate. His Spirit must inspire our petitions. No strange fire was to be used in the censers that were waved before God in the sanctuary. So the Lord himself must kindle in our hearts the burning desire, if our prayers are acceptable to him. The Holy Spirit within must make intercessions for us." Revier & Herald Feb 9, 1897
Humanity needs to hear
from God and we need to go to God;
we need a Word from Him and a Way to Him.
We need a revelation from God and reconciliation with God.
Jesus provides both as our High Priest.
God met this need in the Old Testament by providing the Levitical Priesthood.
The high priest's robe was composed of four colors: gold, blue, purple, and scarlet.
This represented Christ's Deity, His heavenly origin, His royal mediatorship, and His sacrificial sufferings.
The Hebrew word for priest (cohen) describes one who stands up for another and mediates in their behalf.
While both Christ and the Spirit intercede and stand by us (parakleteis) there is also an independence..
Christ and the Holy Spirit
intercede in different directions.
Christ intercedes on our behalf to those in heaven;
His Spirit intercedes on the behalf of heaven in our hearts.
"Christ, our Mediator, and the Holy Spirit are constantly interceding in man's behalf, but the Spirit pleads not for us as does Christ, who presents His blood, shed from the foundation of the world; the Spirit works upon our hearts, drawing out prayers and penitence, praise and thanksgiving." 1 Selected Messages, p. 344.
"While Jesus, our Intercessor, pleads for us in heaven, the Holy Spirit works in us, to will and to do of His good pleasure." Signs of the Times (Oct 3, 1892) Vol. 2 p. 516 col 3. DA p. 671
"Through the Scriptures the Holy Spirit speaks to the mind, and impresses truth upon the heart. Thus He exposes error, and expels it from the soul. It is by the Spirit of truth, working through the word of God, that Christ subdues His chosen people to Himself." "Every sincere prayer is heard in heaven. It may not be fluently expressed; but if the heart is in it, it will ascend to the sanctuary where Jesus ministers, and He will present it to the Father without one awkward, stammering word, beautiful and fragrant with the incense of His own perfection." Desire of Ages p. 666
"The angels of God are ascending, bearing the prayers of hte needy and distressed to the Father above." Desire of Ages p. 143
Firm and Fuzzy
Jesus and the Father are clearly distinct and separate individuals.
Jesus prays to His Father, He does what the Father does,
He receives life, power, authority, his name and judgment from the Father.
The Spirit and the Father,
however, are not clearly distinct and separate.
This is why there are so many references to the Spirit of God, Spirit of the Father, His Spirit, Spirit of Christ,
Ananias lied to the Holy Spirit and to God at the same time, because the Spirit is God's Spirit.
Likewise, the Spirit
and Christ are not clearly distinct and separate.
They often appear to be one and the same.
Jesus is our Advocate (parakletos); the Holy Spirit is also our Comforter (parakletos).
Jesus is the Truth; the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Truth.
Jesus is the Life of every man; the Holy Spirit is the quickening, life-giving Spirit.
Jesus promises to be with us always; the Holy Spirit is to dwell with us forever.
Christ is to be in us, live in us, abide in us;
God sends the Spirit of Jesus Christ, His Holy Spirit, into our hearts.
|Several scriptures ascribe glory and honor exclusively to God the Father.|
|Rom 11.36||For from him [the Father] and through him and to him are all things.|
|Gal 1.5||according to the will of our God and Father, to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.|
|Phil 4.20||To our God and Father be glory for ever and ever. Amen.|
|ITim 1.17||the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever.|
|Lord and Saviour Declarations|
|A few address Jesus alone|
|2Tim 4.18||The Lord …will bring me safely to his heavenly kingdom. To him be glory for ever and ever|
|2Peter 3.18||our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and forever!|
|Father and Son Declarations|
|Many more jointly recognize both the Father and His Son|
|Isaiah 44:6||Thus saith the Lord the King of Israel [Father] and his redeemer the Lord of hosts [Son]|
|1Cor 8:6||To us there is but one God, the Father, and one Lord, Jesus Christ (Son)|
|Eph 6.23||Peace …and love …from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ|
|Gal 1.3||Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ|
|Rom 1.7||Grace and
peace to you from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ
(see also 2 Cor 1.2, 1 Cor 1.3, Eph 1.2, Phil 1.2)
|1Thes 1.1||God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ (also 2Thes 1.1)|
|Dan 7:14||One like the Son of Man came with clouds to the Ancient of Days|
|John 5:26||Father has life in Himself, so has He given to the Son to have life in Himself|
|John 5:21||The Father raises up the dead and quickens them; even so the Son quickens whom He will|
denies the Father and the Son…if you deny the Son you deny the Father also
And if you acknowledge the Son, so also the Father
|1Jn 1:9||If you
don't abide the doctrine of Christ, [Son] you don't have God [Father]
He that abides in the doctrine of Christ, has both the Father and the Son
|1Peter 4.11||God be praised through Jesus Christ. To him be the glory and the power for ever and ever|
|Rom 16.27||to the only wise God be glory forever through Jesus Christ!|
|Jude 25||to the
only God our Savior be glory, majesty, power and authority
through Jesus Christ our Lord, before all ages, now and forevermore!
|Heb 13.20-21||the God
of peace, who…back from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of
may he work in us …through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory for ever and ever
|Rev 1.5-6||To him
who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood,
and has made us to be a kingdom and priests to serve his God and Father
to him be glory and power for ever and ever!
|ICor 15.24||Then the end will come, when he [Christ] hands over the kingdom to God the Father|
|vs 28||then the Son himself will be made subject to him …that God may be all in all|
|Gal 1.1||Paul, an apostle sent…by Jesus Christ and God the Father|
|IThes 3.1||Now may our God and Father himself and our Lord Jesus clear the way for us to come to you.|
|2Thes 2.16||May our Lord Jesus Christ himself and God our Father, who loved us…|
|1Jn 5:20||the Son
of God is come…that we may know Him that is true [Father]
This is the true God, and eternal life.
|John 17:3||This is life eternal…know thee the only true God [Father], and Jesus Christ [Son]|
|1Jn 1.3||And our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son, Jesus Christ.|
|John 1:18||The only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father|
|Titus 2:13||the glorious
appearing of the great God [Father]and our Saviour Jesus Christ [Son]
RSV "the appearing of the glory of our great God and Saviour…"
|Luke 9:26||the Son…shall come in his own glory, and in his Father's [glory]|
These verses feature two distinct manifestations of the Godhead
the King of Israel
God our Father
The Ancient of Days
God, the only wise God
the only God our Saviour
the God of peace
his God and Father
Him that is true, the true God
the only true God
redeemer the Lord of hosts
the Lord Jesus Christ
the Son of Man
the Son, His Son, Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ our Lord
our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd
him who loves us and freed us by his blood
the Son of God
God in human form
Son & Holy Spirit
A smaller number of texts include the Spirit as the bonding agent, the communication link
|2Cor 13.14||the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, the fellowship of the Holy Spirit|
|Tit 3:4-7||God our
Savior …saved us through …renewal by the Holy Spirit,
whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior
|Rev 1.4||Grace and
peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come,
and from the seven spirits before his throne, and from Jesus Christ
|2Thes 2.13,14||from the
beginning God chose you to be saved through the sanctifying work of the
that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
|1Peter 1.2||God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ|
|Acts 2.32,33||God has
raised this Jesus to life, …Exalted to the right hand of God,
he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit
|Gal 4.6||God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, "Abba, Father."|
The Spirit addresses
God as Father, because the Spirit is the Father's Son.
Jesus called God, Father. So does the Spirit of Jesus.
|Eph 5.18-20||be filled
with the Spirit.… make music in your heart to the Lord,
always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ
our God and Father…your endurance inspired by hope in our Lord Jesus Christ
our gospel came to you …with power, with the Holy Spirit
|Eph 2.18||For through him [Christ] we both have access to the Father by one Spirit|
|IJn 4.13,14||We know
that we live in him and he in us, because he has given us of his Spirit.
the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world