One God, One Lord, One Spirit
The Biblical Basis
for a Doctrine of God

The Bible picture of God. The loving Father. The obedient Son. One in Spirit.

Explore the Persons, Personality, Being and Spirit of God
in this detailed study on the doctrine of God.

Theos The Book --- 21MB PDF

God the Father
The Son of God

The Son Receives
They are One
The Only Begotten Son
The Eternal Son
The Son's Sacrifice
The Son is Raised
The Spirit of God
The Godhead

A Biblical Statement of Faith on the Doctrine of God

"I worship the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and prophets"
“There is one God” “Hear, O Israel; the Lord our God is one
“There is one God; and there is none other but He” “There is none other God but one
“There is but one God, the Father”“of lights” “the God of all” "of whom are all things"
He is “the only Potentate” “Have we not all one Father? Has not one God created us?”
Jehovah alone is God” Before Him there "was no God formed, neither shall there be”
Beside Him “there is no God” He is God “and there is none else
“and there is none other but he” incomparable and unequalled
“The Most High” “the only true God” “the Ancient of Days
“which is, and which was, and which is to come” Who “has life in Himself
Who “gives to all life and breath” and “in whom we live and move and have our being
eternal, immortal, invisible” “dwelling in the light, whom no man has seen, nor can see.
And “God, who is rich in mercy, for His great love wherewith He loved us”
is “merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth”
“with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning” He “changes not
“The Lord God omnipotent” is “exalted as head above all
“Who is above all, and through all, and in all” “the Almighty God
“the Father of spirits” who “is Spirit” “from everlasting to everlasting
“Declaring the end from the beginning” by “the foreknowledge of God the Father”

God’s Son
There is “one Lord Jesus Christ” “The Word of God” “the King's Son
Who “in the beginning” “was with God and God was the Word” “the Son of the Father
He shall cry to Me, “You are my Father, My God...I will make him My firstborn.”
He was “possessed by the LORD in the beginning of His way, before His works of old”
“whose going forth has been from everlasting” from the days of eternity,
before Abraham was,” “before the mountains and hills,” “before the world began
He “proceeded forth” “was brought forth” and “came out from God”
He “was made a quickening spirit” “the Prince of life” who “lives by the Father”
for the Father “has given to the Son to have life in Himself” and “In Him was life”
He is “the resurrection and the Life” whose words are “spirit and life
That which is born of the Spirit is spirit. that eternal life which was with the Father
as “the only begotten Son of God” was the Rock “cut out of the mountain without hands.”
He is “the image of the invisible God” “the express image of His person”
the firstbegotten of God, the fruit of His body and Son of the most high God
“the beginning of the creation of God” “the First-born of every creature”
for by Him “were all things created” “by whom God made the worlds” "
by the Word
of the Lord...and the breath of his mouth" for He was “before all things,
and by Him all things consist” and were created “by Jesus Christ
who “upholds all things by the Word of His power” which he obtained by inheritance
Who is “in the bosom of the Father” for “he that has seen [Him] has seen the Father”
being in the form of God but not grasping to be equal with God, His God and our God;
“in Whom dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily” He is “the mighty God
He was anointed by His God above His fellows that “all the angels of God worship Him
for “the counsel of peace shall be between them both” They are one,
keeping “the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace” They dwell in each other.
“God himself put everything under Christ” except God who is “the head of Christ.
Wherefore God has appointed His Son “heir of all things” and gave Him all power.
The Father has given him power over all flesh” and he has preeminence over all things.
And “they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ”
“the Angel of His presence saved them...and He bare them, and carried them all the days of old”

God’s Incarnation
And “when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son
because “God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son
He that overcomes the world...believes that Jesus is the Son of God. of the living God
“the Son of the Highest” “the Son of God” “Immanuel, God with us
and “made himself of no reputation” but “took upon him the form of a servant
“was made in the likeness of men and…humbled himself” taking the seed of Abraham
and David. Jesus was made a little lower than the angels made of a woman
“the last Adam” was conceived of the Holy Spirit, the power of the Highest.
God was manifest in the flesh “and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us”
"God sent His Son in the likeness of sinful flesh" taking our infirmities and sicknesses
for “He also Himself likewise took part of the same flesh and blood
“Wherefore in all things it behooved Him to be made like unto His brethren
“for which cause He is not ashamed to call them brethren
that He might become the Firstborn of many brethren
Thus He came to “live by the Father” and “be subject unto…God
as His Servant, His Elect “the Branch of righteousness”
“the Good Shepherd” “the Light of the world” “the Bread of life
“approved of God…by miracles and wonders and signs which God did by him
who “was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.”

God's Death
So God “spared not his own Son, but delivered Him up for us all” “the Lamb of God
who “gave Himself for our sins…according to the will of our God and Father”
“when He offered up Himself” “to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself
“and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross”
where “His own self bare our sins in His own body on the tree”
and “for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame.”
He was “wounded for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities” He “died for our sins”
while we were yet sinners that He “should taste death for every man”
made to be sin for us, who knew no sin” “neither was guile found in His mouth
He poured out His soul unto death and gave His life as a ransom for many.
Therefore does the Father love Him because He laid down His life for us
for “God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto Himself”
His spirit was commended into the Father's hands. It returned to God who gave it
for the body without the spirit is dead. In that very day his thoughts perished
For the dead know not anything, there is no knowledge, nor wisdom in the grave.

God's Resurrection
But His body did not see corruption. Because He was the living manna from heaven
His body did not breed worms, but was preserved like the manna over Sabbath.
His soul was not left in hell though He was shut up, and could not come forth.
As Jesus prophesied He was killed and was raised again the third day
an angel came from heaven to roll away the stone
as the stone was removed for Lazarus
His Father called out, “Awake, ye that dwell in the dust”
as Lazarus was commanded to come forth.
God, the Father, who raised Him from the dead, the Father raised Christ from the dead.
God raised up Jesus of Nazareth. This Jesus has God raised up. God having raised up His Son Jesus.
Christ was quickened by the Spirit as the Father gave to the Son to have life in himself.
“the First Fruits of them that slept” “the First Begotten of the dead”
Jesus laid down His life that He might take it again; this command He received from His Father.
He who raised up the Lord Jesus shall raise up us also by Jesus.

God’s Spirit
“The holy Spirit of God” is “the Spirit of the Lord
the Spirit of God …the Spirit of Christ"
God “has given to us His Holy Spirit” “the Spirit of truth” Jesus is the truth.
“The Spirit of Jesus Christ” is “another Comforter
for by Christ “we have access by one Spirit to the Father”
Who “proceedeth from the Father” and Christ “received from the Father”
Jesus promised to send the Comforter from the Father if He departed.
“which [the Father] shed on us through Jesus Christ” “and poured out” on Pentecost
for “God has sent the Spirit of His son into our hearts” “from the presence of the Lord”
Where can I go from Thy spirit? or where shall I flee from Thy presence?
Cast me not away from Thy presence, and take not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
“the Father will send” and “give the Holy Spirit to those who ask”
“The world does not know him, but you know him for he dwells with you” now.
and then Christ “will send him to you.” Jesus said, “I will manifest myself to” you
I will come to you.” My Father and I “we will come and make our abode” with you.
Truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with His Son Jesus Christ.
and “the Spirit of God …the Spirit of Christ…dwells in you” “and shall be in you
for we “are the temple of God and the Spirit of God dwells in” us
If we have the Spirit of God we are partakers of the divine nature.
by which we are “washed, sanctified, and justified” to “guide you into all truth”
and “teach you all things and remind you of everything” Jesus said.
Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD? the mind of the Lord.
The Spirit of God [which is in Him] knows the things of God
for the Spirit of God confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh.

God’s Intercession
There is “one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus”
He is “a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek”
“who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.”
“The Spirit itself makes intercession for us with groanings that cannot be uttered” even as Christ
“offered up prays and supplications with strong crying and tears…in the days of His flesh”
“For Christ is entered into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us”
and “because He continues ever, He has an unchangeable priesthood
“Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him”
“seeing He ever lives to make intercession for us.”
Our “Advocate paracletos with the Father” is in the heavenly sanctuary.
on the throne of grace who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven.
through the veil, into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, a new and living way.
Therefore we wait “Looking unto Jesus the Author and Finisher of our faith”
The “Alpha and Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”
God “has raised us up together and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus”
“That in the ages to come He might show the exceeding riches of His grace in kindness to us”

God the Father

Eternal and Everlasting
The Bible teaches that God is immortal, eternal, everlasting.
He is unbounded and unlimited by time.
He is outside the boundaries of time--past, present and future.
Gen 21:33 Abraham called on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God
Ps 90:2 From everlasting to everlasting Thou art God, Ps 93:2; 145:13
Isa 57:15 The high and lofty One inhabits eternity
Deut 33:27 The eternal God has everlasting arms
1 Tim 1:17 The King eternal, immortal
1 Tim 6:16 Who only has immortality
Rev 1:8 Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end,
who is, and was, and is to come, the Almighty
Rev 4:8 Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come
sits on the throne of heaven

The Ancient of Days is God the Father. Says the psalmist: “Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God.” Psalm 90:2” Great Controversy p. 479 (1911)

The Eternal Father, the unchangeable one” Ellen White, Review & Herald July 9, 1895

“The Sovereign of the universe…the eternal Father.” Patriarchs and Prophets p. 34 “The Son of God was the acknowledged Sovereign of heaven.” Great Controversy p. 495

the eternal, self-existent One…the King.” Ellen White Patriarchs and Prophets p. 36

“…it would be impossible to find but one being in the universe, and that is God the Father, who is without father, or mother, or descent, or beginning of days, or end of life.” J. N. Andrews, Review and Herald, 7th September 1869, ‘Melchisedec’

The Source of all Life
Because He ever lives, He is the source of every life
Acts 17:25 [God] gives to all life and breath and all things
Acts 17:28 In [God] we live, and move, and have our being
John 5:26 the Father has life in himself
John 5:21 the Father raises up the dead and quickens (gives life to) them
Eph 2:4-6 God has quickened us together with Christ and has raised us up together
and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus

"The Ancient of Days is God the Father. Says the psalmist:
"Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God." Psalm 90:2.
It is He, the source of all being, and the fountain of all law, that is to preside in the judgment." Great Controversy p. 479.2 (1911)

"...through the beloved Son, the Father's life flows out to all; through the Son it returns, in praise and joyous service, a tide of love, to the great Source of all...the great Giver." Desires of Ages p. 21

Immutable: He is Unchanging
God doesn't change His mind, His law, His covenant or His ways.
His permanence is eternal.
Mal 3:6 I am the LORD, I change not.
James 1:17 The Father of lights, in whom there is no shadow of turning
Ps 89:34 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips
Deut 7:9 the LORD thy God, the faithful God which keeps covenant...
to a thousand generations
Rev 14:6 He is the Author of the Everlasting Gospel

Omnipresent: He is everywhere
Just as God is eternal (unbounded by time),
So He is omnipresent (unbounded by space).
Because God is Spirit, He is not physically confined to any one location
He can be everywhere at once.
Ps 139:7-13 Where shall I go from Your spirit? Where shall I flee from You presence?
If I go to heaven or hell, You are there.
Darkness and light are both alike to You.
1Ki 8:27 The heaven of heavens cannot contain thee
Isa 66:1 God said, "The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool"
Jer 23:24 Do I not fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD

Omniscient: He is All Knowing
A consequence of being everywhere is that He is aware of everything
Ps 147:4,5 He tells the number of the stars; He calls them all by name;
His understanding is infinite.
Acts 2:23 the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God
1Pet 1:2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father
Isa 46:10 Declaring the end from the beginning
and from ancient times things that are not yet done
Ps 139:1-6 understand my thought afar off, are acquainted with all my ways
Job 42:2 No thought can be withheld from you
Isa 48:13 The eyes of the LORD are in every place

Omnipotent: He is All Powerful
God has all power, without restrictions or limitation.
There is nothing He cannot do.
Rev 19:6 The Lord God omnipotent reigns
Matt 19:26 With God all things are possible.
Jer 32:17,27 He is the God of all flesh. There is nothing too hard for Him.
Mark 5:7 He is the Most High God
Gen 14:22 Jehovah Most High God, Possessor of heaven and earth.
Gen 17:1 the Almighty God
1Chr 29:11 O LORD [YHWH, Jehovah], thou art exalted as head above all
1Chr 29:11 Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the majesty
vs 12 and in thine hand is power and might
Isa 40:26 Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who has created these…
for He is strong in power
Nah 1:3 The LORD is great in power…and has His way in the whirlwind and the storm
Luke 9:43 And they were all amazed at the mighty power of God.
Eph 1:19 the exceeding greatness of His power…the working of His mighty power
Deu 9:29 You brought out Israel "by thy mighty power and by thy stretched out arm

Invisible and Unseen
Because of His infinite power, God cannot be safely seen by human eyes.
Yet, Jesus, the Son of God, was seen by many mortal men.
These verses, then, must refer to God the Father.
John 1:18 No man has seen God [the Father] at any time,
the only begotten Son…He has declared Him.
John 6:46 Not that any man has seen the Father, save He which is of God.
Jesus has seen the Father
John 5:37 [men] have not heard [the Father's] voice at any time, nor seen his shape.
Ex 33:22-23 Moses saw God's glory and His back pass by "but My face shall not be seen"
1 Tim 1:17 The King...invisible, the only wise God
1 Tim 6:16 Dwelling in the light, whom no man has seen, nor can see
Col 1:15 Who [Jesus] is the image of the invisible God

There is only One God

This is an undisputed bible truth. All scripture testifies to this fact.
Abraham came out of polytheistic Babylon to serve Jehovah, the one true God.
The ancient Jewish nation distinguished itself as the world's great monotheistic religion.

Deut 4:35, 39 Jehovah alone is God Ps 83:16-18
You alone are Jehovah, the Most High over all the earth.
Exod 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before Me. God calls for exclusive worship
Isa 48:11,12
vs 15

I will not give my glory to another…I am the first, I also am the last
The Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel
The Lord, your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King

Rev 1:8

Isaiah 44:6
Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end,
who is, and was, and is to come, the Almighty
I am the first and I am the last, and Beside me there is no God

Rev 1:4,5 from Him which is and was and is to come [God the Father]
and from the seven spirits before His throne [Spirit of God]
(which are the seven eyes of the Lamb Rev 5:6; the Stone Zech 3:9)
and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, first begotten of the dead
Isaiah 43:10 Before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.

Isaiah 46:9
Ps 83:16-18

I am God and there is none else; I am God and there is none like me
You alone are Jehovah, the Most High over all the earth
James 2:19 You believe that there is one God: you do well
1Cor 8:4 There is no other God but one
Gal 3:20 But God is one
1Tim 2:5 There is one God

Jesus, the Son of God, quoting The Shema of Deut 6:4, said

Mark 12:29_Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one. This is the greatest of all the commandments.

Christ did not deny the fundamental belief in one God.
Nor did He establish the New Testament Church on any foundation other than Christian Monotheism.
When Jesus quoted Deut 6:4 He did not use the Greek plural form to indicate unity among many
but "one" to indicate unity in number.
And when the scribe confirmed Christ's declaration in terms of number, Jesus did not correct him.

Mark 12:32_There is one God; and there is none other but he.


Continued: The Son of God